Sunday, April 06, 2014


McAteer et al. v. AGC - This Tuesday (April 08, 2014) the long-standing Charter challenge to the requirement of taking an oath of allegiance to the Queen in order to obtain Canadian citizenship will be argued at the Court of Appeal for Ontario at 10:30 a.m.  in a courtroom at 130 Queen St. W. in Toronto.

The Applicants, Michael McAteer, Simone Topey and Dror Bar-Natan,  questioned the constitutional validity of the Oath or Affirmation of Citizenship prescribed by section 24 of the Citizenship Act R. S.C. 1985, c.C-29 and the regulations made pursuant thereto and are appealing the September 20, 2013  decision of Justice Edward Morgan in the Constitutional challenge of Citizenship Act (Superior Court) McAteer v. Canada (Attorney General) 2013 ONSC 5895 (ON S.C.) . See also, Colin Perkel, Required Oath to Queen for new Canadians constitutional, court rules, CP, September 20, 2013; Colin Perkel, Citizenship oath to the Queen violates free speech, but isn't unconstitutional, Ontario court rules, National Post, September 20, 2013.

The Citizenship Act requires applicants for citizenship to swear or affirm that they will bear true allegiance to Queen Elizabeth the Second and her Heirs and Successors. Many people who feel that the monarchy is an anti-democratic relic of the past conscientiously object to taking such an oath and feel that it should suffice to take an oath to Canada.

Twenty years ago, the late civil rights lawyer Charles Roach launched a Charter challenge to this oath in the Federal Court; he lost. In 2005, Mr. Roach started a similar case in Ontario's Superior Court. The Attorney General of Canada argued that this case should not be heard because of the earlier dismissal by the Federal Court. However, it was ruled that, as a result of changes in Charter jurisprudence in the past twenty years, the case could go ahead.

Mr. Roach died on October 2, 2012.  The case is now proceeding on behalf of three new applicants: Michael McAteer (retired former journalist for the Toronto Star), Simone Topey (of the Black Action Defence Committee) and Dror Bar-Natan (Professor of Mathematics at the University of Toronto).  They are appealing the dismissal of their application by the Superior Court of Justice.

For reasons of conscience and/or religion, the applicants feel that they cannot take the oath. They are arguing that the oath requirement violates their rights to freedom of religion and conscience pursuant to section 2(a) of the Charter, their right to freedom of expression provided by section 2(b) of the Charter, and their equality rights guaranteed by section 15(1) of the Charter. The Attorney General of Canada maintains that "The inability to enjoy the benefits of citizenship - to hold a Canadian passport and to vote - are amongst the costs reasonably borne by individuals whose personal beliefs run counter to Canada's foundational heritage."

Peter Rosenthal, one of the lawyers representing the applicants, said:
 Like the present applicants, Charles Roach really wanted to become a citizen of Canada but his conscience would not allow him to take an oath to a person that symbolized inequality. I hope that that this case will vindicate Mr. Roach's extraordinary efforts to promote equal dignity of all human beings." .”

For more information, contact any of the applicants or Peter Rosenthal :
Michael McAteer, ; Simone Topey,; Dror Bar-Natan, ; Peter Rosenthal,

- 30 -

The Lawyers for the Applicants are

Peter Rosenthal
Michael Smith
Selwyn Pieters
Reni Chang

Lawyers for  The Attorney General of Canada are

Kristina Dragaitis
Sharon Stewart Guthrie

A copy of the court documents in this case are to be found here


Jeff Gray, The Globe and Mail ‏Would-be Canadian citizens set to fight oath to Queen, Published on Thu Jul 11 2013

Bob Hepburn Politics, Toronto Star, Stephen Harper’s love for Canada’s colonial past Published on Thu Jul 11 2013

Colin Perkel, The Canadian Press Would-be citizens set to fight oath to Queen  via @metrotoronto Published on Thu Jul 11 2013

Colin Perkel, The Canadian Press Appeal Court set to hear battle over citizenship oath to the Queen Published Sunday, Apr. 06 2014, 5:42 PM EDT

  • Roach v. Canada (Attorney General), 2009 CanLII 7178 (ON SC)
    Superior Court of Justice — Ontario
    class — oath — citizenship — allegiance — proceeding
  • Roach v. Canada2008 ONCA 124 (CanLII)
    Court of Appeal for Ontario — Ontario
    motion — straightforward — handling — officials — constitutional

    Roach v. Canada (Secretary of State)2007 CanLII 17373 (ON SC)
    Superior Court of Justice — Ontario
    swear allegiance — class — abuse of process — forum — constitutional

No comments: